WED is celebrated internationally every year on 5th June to create global awareness among the people about environmental issues and to encourage protection of wildlife & environment. UN General Assembly established it in 1972 on the first day of United Nations Conference on the Human Environment. Its main motive is to address environmental issues persisting in present and to eradicate them for a better and safe future. The goodwill ambassadors from United Nations Environment Programme send messages worldwide to take actions for World Environment Day. This worldwide campaign sends a message to the masses to understand the present environment conditions and directs a way out to cope with the climate issues. Increasing every year, almost 143 countries participate in it now.

Two years after it was established, in 1974, the first WED was held with the theme “Only One Earth“. Though it was celebrated annually afterwards, the big change was announced in 1987, when the idea of selecting different host countries began. Henceforth, this campaign is hosted in a different country every year during which a week long international exhibition takes place.


According to, “Each World Environment Day is organized around a theme that focuses attention on a particularly pressing environmental concern. Every World Environment Day has a different global host country, where the official celebrations take place. The focus on the host country helps highlight the environmental challenges it faces, and supports the effort to address them.” The theme for 2017 is ‘connecting people to nature’ & the host country is Canada. The theme of World Environment Day celebration 2016 was ‘fight against the illegal trade in wildlife for life’ and host country was Angola.

WED in India


India was the global host of World Environment Day in 2011, 5 June. The theme was ‘Forests: Nature at your Service’ focusing on the quality and the health of forests & forest ecosystems. India is a country of 1.2 billion people who continue to put pressure on forests especially in densely populated areas where people are cultivating on marginal lands and where overgrazing is contributing to desertification. To solve this problem, the Indian government instituted a tree-planting system to combat land-degradation and desertification, including windbreaks and shelter belts to protect agricultural land. Also, WED 2011 emphasized on how individual efforts can have a tremendous impact with activities including school tree-planting drives, community clean-ups, car-free days, photo competitions on forests, bird-watching trips, city park clean-up initiatives, exhibits, green petitions, nationwide green campaigns and much more. 


Hence, on this day it is our responsibility as a living community to maintain the beauty and health of our beloved planet.



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