Haydar Ali (1721-1782) and his son Tipu Sultan (1750-1799) came to power in South India in the 1760s by seizing the state of Mysore from the Wadeyars.
By conquest they extended their territories and conducted four wars against the East India Company and British troops. In 1781, Haydar was killed by the force of Sir Eyre Coote and was succeeded by Tipu.
During his seventeen year rule Tipu not only achieved great military strength but was responsible for the transformation of the state of Mysore.
His close allegiance with the French resulted in his introduction of European economic, industrial and farming methods of Serigapatam.
Tipu built a network of new roads, formed a State Trading Company with ships and factories located across the Middle East and established sericulture, an industry that is still in existence today. Because of the sophistication of his empire and the location of Mysore, Tipu was seen by the British as one of their biggest threats to stability and expansion within India.
In 1780s’ the most grievous disaster which has yet befallen the British arms in India’s happened at Pollilur. British expansion and strategies in the Carnatic had antagonized Haydar, the Nizam, the French and the Marathas.
and In July 1780, Haidar and Tipu invaded the Carnatic with nearly 100000 men. Sir Hector Munro who was governor of the Company’s Army at the time elected to concentrate his forces at Conjeeveram (modern day Manchurian).
In Fourth Anglo-Mysore War, the forces of the British East India Company, supported by the Marathas and the Nizam of Hyderabad, defeated Tipu and he was killed on 4 may, 1799 while defending his fort.
Tipu sultan was also known as Tiger of Mysore.
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