Indian culture has always been rich, diverse and non-enforcing. India’s rich culture has attracted many people from all over the world. Culture is the lifestyle of the people of any country or territory. Culture defines a specific pattern of behavior and beliefs of the people comprising a group or tribe. Culture is something that distinguishes the life of one group or tribe of people from another group. It comprises of race, ethnicity, language, traditions, religion, etc.

India has many features to be called as valuable heritage of the world, which are :
Deep-rooted: Indian culture is extremely deep-rooted and goes way back in the ages of Vedas. Diverse: Indian culture is extremely diverse and changes significantly as you move from one region to another in the same country. Traditional: Indian culture is very traditional and Indians respect their culture and do not let it dilute, come what way.

The importance/significance of India in diversity:
Even though India has diverse cultures, its people are united in their basic sense of patriotism. The richness of Indian culture is what keeps its people together. Preserves identity: Indian culture is what gives the country its unique identity and recognition throughout the world. Sense of belonging: Without cultural support, a country`s citizens feel homeless. A country`s rich culture instills the sense of belonging in their citizens. Binding factor: Indian culture is what keeps its citizens patriotic and attached to each other. Sense of pride: When cultural traditions are handed down from generations after generations, they are preserved with honor and increase the sense of pride in people.

The distinctive and individualistic mode of daily life, customs, cultures, celebrations, festivals, religious observances, caste system, sports activities, education, position of women, architecture, or any other possible facet can very much be studied in Indian ancient history. Indeed, it can also be comprehended that most of the contemporary Indian cultural refinement that any citizen witnesses today, has been heavily borrowed and inspired form these ancient Indian cities. This rather classic artistic amalgamation can be traced historically from the very foremost Indus-Sarasvati Civilization, the harbinger of ancientness into every later Indian city to evolve unto contemporaneity.

Some of these cities are follows:

1. Dwarka: 
The city is especially respected by Vaishnavas. It is a city in Jamnagar district in Gujarat state. Dwarka is considered to be one of the holiest cities in Hinduism and one of the Char Dham along with Badrinath, Puri, Rameswaram.The Jagatmandir temple, which houses the Dwarkadhish, a form of Krishna, is also located in Dwaraka. Nageshvara Jyotirlinga, one of the 12 holy shrines of Shiva, is located near Dwaraka.

2. Sravasti:
It is located in Uttar Pradesh, near Balmapur. According to the Mahabharata, the origin of Sravasti lies with the legendary king Shravasta. It was one of the six largest cities in India during Gautama Buddha’s lifetime. According to Buddhist tradition, the city was called Savatthi because the sage Savattha lived there.

3. Madurai:
It is the third largest city in Tamil Nadu. It is the administrative headquarters of Madurai District in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Located on the banks of River Vaigai, it has been a major settlement for two millennia and is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.

4. Ayodhya:
It is situated in Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh. According to the Ramayana, the city is 9,000 years old, and was founded by Manu, the first man in the Vedas, and law-giver of the Hindus. Ayodhya as seven most sacred cities of India. It is the birthplace of Lord Rama as per Hindu belief. Ayodhya has historical significance for the Jain community as well. It is the birthplace of two important tirthankaras two-thousand years ago.
 
5. Kannauj:
Kannauj is an ancient city, in earlier times the capital of Emperor Harshavardhan. The city’s name is traditionally derived from the term Kanyakubja (The city of the hunchbacked maidens). It is known for distilling of scents and perfume market. Kannuaj remained a focal point for the three powerful dynasties, namely the Gurjara Pratiharas, Palas and Rashtrakutas, between the 8th and 10th centuries.


6. Kalibangan:
It is a major provincial capital of the Indus Valley Civilization. The identity of Kalibangan as a pre-historic site was discovered by Luigi Pio Tessitori, an Italian Indologist. Kalibangan is distinguished by its unique fire altars and “world’s earliest attested ploughed field”.

7. Somnath:
Located on the western coast of Gujarat, it is one of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines of God Shiva. As per Shiv Mahapuran, once Brahma (the Hindu God of creation) and Vishnu (the Hindu God of protection) had an argument in terms of supremacy of creation. To test them, Shiva pierced the three worlds as a huge endless pillar of light, the jyotirlinga. The jyotirlinga is the supreme part less reality, out of which Shiva partly appears.


8. Ujjain:
Located in the Malwa region of Central India, it is the administrative centre of Ujjain district. It is the part of Madhya Pradesh. It is also home to the Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, one of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines to the god Shiva.

9. Kurukshetra:
Located in Haryana, the epic war of Mahabharata was fought on this land and Bhagvad Gita was preached during the war. It is also known as Dharamkshetra.


10. Thanjavur:
It is located in the Tamil Nadu. Scholars believe the name Thanjavur is derived from Tanjan, a legendary demon in Hindu mythology. While the early history of Thanjavur remains unclear, the city first rose to prominence during the reign of Medieval Cholas when it served as the capital of the empire. After the fall of Cholas, the city was ruled by various dynasties like Pandyas, Vijayanagar Empire, Madurai Nayaks, Thanjavur Nayaks, Thanjavur Marathas and the British Empire. It has been a part of independent India since 1947.

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